Lovage in the garden: how to grow and use with taste and benefit
Lovage is an interesting plant. It practically does not require care, it grows quickly, it brings a lot of benefits. Even those people who do not believe in its healing properties or are afraid to use lovage to maintain health, successfully use the leaves of this plant as a wonderful seasoning for various dishes.
What kind of plant is lovage, what useful properties does it have?
Lovage has many names, for example, mountain celery. It really is the closest relative of celery, but it is much easier to grow: it grows without transplanting in one place for many years. It has a thick brown rhizome, from which round hollow stems grow in early spring, the upper half of which is covered with pinnately dissected leaves, similar in shape and smell to celery leaves. In favorable conditions, the bush can reach two meters in height.
In summer, lovage blooms with small yellowish bisexual flowers, collected in umbrellas. From them, by the fall, fruits are formed - two-seedlings, which have almost no nutritional value. Lovage is distributed all over the world, it is bred as a medicinal plant and as a spice for culinary purposes. In pharmaceuticals, fruits and rhizomes are mainly used, in the kitchen - leaves. All parts of the plant contain a variety of useful substances: from essential oils and organic acids to various vitamins and tannins.
The lovage blooms beautifully, but if flowers are not needed, it is better not to let him do it.
Juice, decoctions and infusions of various parts of the plant have expectorant, sedative, diuretic and other properties. They are used in the treatment of many diseases, for example:
- bronchitis and tonsillitis;
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
- heart disease;
Compositions of lovage help with skin problems, including in cosmetology, to accelerate wound healing, as well as in the treatment of alcohol addiction. The plant is also used in the case of specific female and male diseases. There is information about the treatment of other diseases, but official medicine advises to limit the use of the plant and use it only in cases proven by scientific research.
How to plant lovage on the site and take care of it
Lovage in the garden is an absolutely problem-free culture. It grows in partial shade, and even completely in the shade, and it is even better if the root part is always in the shade, and the top is sometimes illuminated by the sun.
It is difficult to find some words to describe the unpretentiousness of lovage: my bush has been growing for twenty years and all I do with it is to harvest the leaves and break off the flower stalks. Sometimes, in the most drought, he gets a little water from the hose. That's all. The second bush was removed very quickly, because for culinary purposes this is already too much.
You can breed lovage:
- dividing an adult bush.
If a neighbor has a bush, ask for a piece for yourself in May and plant it in any place where you do not mind. To make it grow for a long time and without problems, add half a bucket of humus and a glass of ash to the planting site. Until the bush is properly settled and does not grow, it is necessary to water, loosen the soil, remove weeds. By the middle of summer, there will already be a solid plant, but in the first year it is not worth taking a lot of foliage from it. Starting next season, it will already be a reliable supplier of spices for salads and for canning tomatoes and cucumbers, with the first greens appearing at the earliest possible date, the last just before the very frosts. In the second year, it will most likely bloom. If you do not need fruits for medicines and seeds for propagation, it is better to break out almost all flowers along with peduncles: let tender new leaves grow.
It is easily propagated by lovage and cuttings: if they are planted tightly, the excess will have to be removed
When and how lovage is harvested and how it is harvested
If in the first season the leaves of lovage can only be tried, starting from the second year, several leaves can be plucked at least every day, and if desired, almost all the foliage can be cut off at once - 3-4 times per summer. However, it is believed that the last time a full cut can be carried out no later than the beginning of August, so as not to weaken the plant before wintering.
Most often, the grass is harvested in a dried form. Leaves dry quickly and easily, spread out on any horizontal surface in the shade. It is better that it be outdoors under a canopy, but it is also possible indoors, then it must be ventilated. Dryer heated to 50-60 aboutC, will significantly speed up the process. It is better to grind dry leaves into powder immediately and store in any closed jar under normal conditions.
You can also store the leaves in the freezer, after cutting them into pieces of the desired size.
After a few years, if desired, you can harvest the roots. You cannot do this during the flowering period: at this time they are poisonous. It is recommended to harvest the roots in late May or early September. You can cut a lot of roots, up to half of those available in the bush: he will survive it calmly. They are washed, cut into small pieces and dried in a draft in the shade (if in a dryer, then at a temperature not higher than 40 aboutFROM). Store in glass jars in the absence of light for 1-2 years.
Dry leaves can be stored whole, but ground leaves take up less space.
In the age of the Internet, you can find many recipes for any situation, but you need to approach any find very responsibly, especially when it comes to preparing medicines. However, with lovage it is easier: its use is described even in old books published when the printed word could be believed.
Decoction and infusion
Talk to your doctor about the health benefits of lovage.
The easiest way is to prepare a decoction from lovage roots. In most cases, the dosage is 1 teaspoon of dry powder per glass of water. The mixture is poured with hot water and simmered in a water bath for half an hour under a lid. After cooling, filter through a strainer and add water to the original volume. In mild cases (for example, with diseases of the upper respiratory tract or with increased excitability of the central nervous system), it is recommended to take 2 tbsp. spoons of broth between meals. The same broth can be used to rinse the throat and mouth for various diseases (from sore throat to stomatitis).
The infusion is prepared in a similar way: the crushed roots are poured with boiling water, insisted for several hours, squeezed out.
But against alcoholism on the Internet, vodka tincture is often recommended, but since such a recipe raises great doubts, there is an additional reason to consult with doctors.
For rheumatism and gout, it is recommended to increase the concentration. 5 g of dry rhizomes are boiled with a glass of water for 10 minutes, after which they are kept warm for 3 hours and filtered. Half an hour before each meal, drink a tablespoon of this remedy. An even more concentrated (twice) decoction is recommended for heart problems.
If the use of means based on lovage inside must be carried out, having well appreciated the possible consequences, then there are no special restrictions for external use. So, to heal wounds and scratches, remove acne, the skin is gently wiped with tampons moistened with root tincture (50 g per glass of boiling water). The same is done with the appearance of unwanted age spots.
Video: using lovage for treatment
For culinary purposes, lovage leaves are used. There are not so many people who like to chew fresh grass, although in early spring a small amount is eaten with pleasure. Lovage is rude in this regard, its smell is too strong, and the taste is bitter and harsh. Therefore, it is added a little to fresh salads, much more often it goes into various seasonings and sauces. In the spring, soups are made from the leaves, and lovers even add them to tea.
I myself always harvest lovage in May and store it ground in a jar in the kitchen. All year long, cooking meat bones for soup, I add about a tablespoon of powder to the pan. The whole apartment has a pleasant spirit; the meat becomes much tastier and the broth more aromatic.
A lovage leaf in a jar with pickled tomatoes or cucumbers gives canned vegetables a special piquancy. At least compared to parsley or celery, its effects are much stronger. The use of lovage is known even in the alcoholic beverage industry, where it is a popular flavoring agent.
Reviews and popular beliefs
Lovage is a very easy crop to grow, and its use is comprehensive. Gardeners who do not trust traditional medicine successfully use lovage leaves in cooking.
[Votes: 6 Average: 4]
Honey: benefits and harms, contraindications for use
Since ancient times, people have appreciated honey - both for its taste and for its undeniable benefits. Without exception, people have learned to use beekeeping products for the benefit of their health, but honey, of course, is beyond competition. And not only because it is easier to buy it - now you can buy both propolis and bee bread without any problems. But in terms of its healing and nutritional properties, taste and aroma, honey is the undisputed leader.
Honey and other beekeeping products
Due to the huge amount of nutrients, sea buckthorn has a beneficial effect on human health:
- Sea buckthorn - natural antibiotic, therefore, has anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effects, increases immunity. Tea and berry juice are used for flu, colds and viral diseases. A drink with the addition of honey quickly eliminates coughing and improves the general condition of the body, helps to get on your feet faster.
- Fights free radicals and prolongs the youthfulness of the body... If you use the fruits externally in the form of masks, you can improve the condition of the skin and saturate it with useful components, prevent the appearance of wrinkles.
- Reduces blood sugar and cholesterol levels, therefore, it is useful for diabetics and people who eat a lot of sweet and fatty foods.
- Scientifically proven that sea buckthorn improves potency and has a positive effect on men's health... The fruits contain B vitamins and useful minerals, the lack of which causes impotence.
- Eliminates toxins and heavy metal salts from the body, various chemicals. Berries and juice from them must be consumed by cancer patients - these products contribute to recovery after radiation and radiation exposure and chemotherapy.
- Improves blood formation, increases blood clotting and prevents the formation of blood clots. In addition, the fruits of the plant saturate the body with iron and treat anemia.
- Eliminates uric and oxalic acid from the body, therefore, useful for those who suffer from gout.
Comparison of the medicinal properties of tubers and tops
Which part of the plant is healthier? Let's consider a comparative analysis.
|The benefits of Jerusalem artichoke tubers||The benefits of Jerusalem artichoke leaves|
|The effect of insulin on sugar levels, diabetes and coronary heart disease help.||Jerusalem artichoke leaf tea improves brain function, this is due to the components that make up the composition.|
|Tubers contain many trace elements that help fight hypertension.||Jerusalem artichoke leaves speed up metabolism and fat burning, which is great for people looking to lose weight.|
|The carbohydrate content of the tubers influences the cleansing of the liver.||The leaves help to get rid of constipation, the fiber in the composition has a positive effect on the intestines.|
In addition, Jerusalem artichoke leaves also help with diabetes, because insulin is also present in the composition.
It is difficult to give an objective assessment in choosing the most useful product, because both leaves and tubers have a useful chemical composition and properties that have a positive effect on the human body. It is worth choosing "tubers or leaves" if you need to influence a specific organ in organism.
How to make chamomile tea properly - recipes
The simplest recipe for a delicious and healthy drink consists of only three ingredients:
There is nothing difficult in cooking. You do not need to boil the tea, it is enough to pour boiling water over the dry inflorescences and cover the cup with a lid for 10-12 minutes so that the drink is infused. A little honey can be added for sweetness.
For the treatment of many diseases, it is recommended to drink 0.5 glass of liquid before each meal for 20-30 minutes.
In case of stress and insomnia, it is useful to drink 1-2 cups of chamomile tea with a sprig of mint before going to bed. This drink will calm your nerves, help you fall asleep and relieve headaches.
In addition to the classic recipe, there are many unusual and non-standard ones:
- Chamomile and pomegranate drink. To get 1 liter of liquid, you need to take 4 tsp. dry chamomile pharmacy, 1 tbsp. pomegranate juice, 3 tbsp. l. Sahara. Pour boiling water over dry raw materials and wait until everything cools down. Add pomegranate juice and sugar to the strained infusion, mix and pour into cups. Garnish with mint leaves and add ice cubes if desired.
- Lemon ginger chamomile drink. For 5-6 servings of tea, you need to take 1 liter of water, lemon, 4 tsp. chamomile, 100 g of honey and a small piece of ginger. Cut the root into pieces, add lemon zest and honey, cover with water. Bring to a boil and squeeze the lemon juice into the drink. Add chamomile to the hot liquid and let it brew. Pour the filtered warm drink into glasses.
You can experiment a lot by adding different ingredients - mint, lemon balm, cinnamon, orange or carrot juice. For the treatment of colds, thyme, raspberry or currant leaves can be added to tea. This enriches the taste of the drink and helps to get rid of the specific herbal smell, which many do not particularly like.
Let's see what specific diseases plantain can be used for.
It is great for colds, coughs, bronchitis. It is an effective expectorant, helps to reduce pain due to its enveloping characteristics, dilutes and removes phlegm.
Plantain can be of great help in diseases of the stomach and intestines, such as:
- gastritis with low stomach acidity
- gallbladder disease.
It is also able to improve appetite and normalize digestion.
When losing weight
This herb can also be used during diets.
Plantain infusions are capable of:
- remove cholesterol
- improve metabolism
- cleanse the body of harmful toxins.
Using plantain externally, you can achieve the following results:
- disinfect wounds
- cure boils
- fight acne
- relieve itching from insect bites
- reduce spurs
- reduce pain in the joints.
Plantain and its decoctions are often used as a natural sedative, which is recommended for:
- loss of strength
- sleep problems.
Plantain is also capable of:
- relieve swelling
- reduce headache
- improve the work of the cardiovascular system.
Benefits for women
Plantain can be useful in gynecology as well. Infusions from this plant can be used for douching with:
- erosion of the cervix
- profuse bleeding.
In addition, there are many recipes for home cosmetology using plantain: from rinses to strengthen hair to face masks.
In hand creams, plantain extract is often used in combination with celandine for greater effectiveness and treatment of dry, chapped skin.
In the absence of contraindications, plantain decoctions can be taken during pregnancy, especially in its early stages.
Means from this plant will help with:
- digestive problems
Attention! Before using natural plantain decoctions, it is strongly recommended that you consult with your doctor.
It would be wrong to believe that plantain and its decoctions are capable of single-handedly overcome such a terrible disease as cancer. However, in some cases, just following the instructions of doctors and in conjunction with a full-fledged drug treatment, natural preparations from plantain can ease the course of the disease.
It is believed that this plant may be of some benefit for stomach or intestinal cancer.
Lovage, the beneficial properties and contraindications of which have been known for a long time, can not be used by everyone. First of all, any dosage forms based on this plant are contraindicated in women during pregnancy and lactation.... Also, it is not recommended for use by children under 16 years of age. If the plant is used as a remedy for alcoholism, you need to closely monitor the results.... If the patient is constantly nauseous, then it is better to stop treatment, consult a doctor and review the course.
If patients suffer from kidney disease, love-grass is also contraindicated for them. For women with heavy menstruation or bleeding in the uterus, this plant is strictly prohibited.
Remember that before starting to be treated with a folk remedy, you should consult a doctor. Then you will not harm the body.