The daisy is a perennial plant that is widespread in meadows, roads and uncultivated land throughout Europe. Its flowers appear as solitary flower heads with petals welded together enclosed by green bracts. The receptacle, that is the swelling of the top of the peduncle on which the different floral parts are located, is conical in shape composed of tubular yellow flowers and surrounded by white ligules in the upper part and white-pink in the lower part. They are not scented.
The main characteristic of the flower heads of the daisy is to close during the days without sun or rain while, during the day, in the presence of the sun, they follow its movements. The flowers of the daisies are very popular with butterflies and bees. They can withstand even temperatures of many degrees below zero.
There are varieties of daisy that have a semi-double or double flower; in the case of semi-double flowers they can have colors ranging from white to red, pink or beautiful streaks. Below we will tell you about some types of daisy and their relative flowers.
Camilla Ponticelli: the flowers of this daisy are large, very decorative and white in color; in areas with a rather cold climate, they bloom in the period from May to October, while in those with a mild climate throughout the year.
Daisy: the flower heads of this daisy can be large and simple, it has white petals with pink shades but there are some varieties with different colors; some of them are: Badger, with double flowers of white, red or pink color, with a diameter of up to six centimeters; Pomponette, with double flowers that can be pink, white or red, the petals are curved and with folds.
The daisy flowers, in addition to being very beautiful, have some properties and can be used for various purposes. Fresh, freshly picked flowers can be a good help in treating boils, but they also have antispasmodic properties. In the kitchen, the flower heads can be used to prepare an excellent tea, especially suitable for underweight and weak children. The flower heads can also enrich a simple mixed salad. The fresh chopped flowers and leaves are useful for soothing pain resulting from bruises or sprains.
A simple, very common, rustic flower that grows spontaneously in the meadows or along the roadsides. Its meaning is “in different meanings and with various semantic nuances ГЁ вЂњtruthГ вЂќ. Symbol of youthful innocence, it was collected in the meadows and stuck in the locks of the girls' hair. Its flower is used by girls to find out if the beloved "loves" or doesn't love him ". The homonymous Margaret in Goethe's novel questions the flower to find out whether Faust loved it or not.
Despite its simplicity it can be a beautiful flower for borders or in pots, bringing light and beauty to our gardens and homes. The radial petals around the central disc have a strong analogy with the sun's rays, and therefore the daisy also becomes the flower "that brings the sun into people's lives". When you give a bouquet of daisies (for example to a new mother), the meaning is always positive.
Among the main species, theAster alpinus (it is found spontaneously in the Alps, it loves partial shade), the Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (the classic daisy of the fields), the Chrysantheum maximum (also called margheritone), the Felicia amelloides (with flowering until autumn), theEchinacea (coming from North America and characterized by large colored flowers).
Margherita: summary table
Flowering: Spring Summer
Multiplication: by seed in spring or by division of the tufts in autumn
Ground: normal for the garden
Height: from 30 cm up to a maximum of one meter
The soil for the daisies should be prepared with natural fertilizer it must be moist but not sticky. If you put the seedlings in the garden, do not place them with the roots too deep, otherwise the new vegetation will struggle to grow. After transplanting or repotting, water abundantly then wet every four days. Starting in June, give some fertilizer for flowering plants every week.
It is better to water rarely abundantly than often with little water, because scarce watering, evaporating, can cause the roots to dry out. Before wetting after a period of rain, wait for the soil and flowers to dry: excess moisture can cause gray mold, a parasite of this plant, to form. In mid-summer, after the first flowering, instead of eliminating any withered flower, shorten the stems by about 10 cm: you will stimulate a new and more abundant flowering.
Summer balcony flowers
If you don't have a garden, here is a series of flowers that you can grow on the balcony to create your own colorful corner!
N.B. Some varieties indicated have already been presented above.
- Jasmine. Ideal for creating flowered booths in the case of neighboring balconies. Jasmine is a delight for the eyes and nose with its intense and intoxicating scent. Among other things, it is among the most effective anti-mosquito plants.
- Daisies. The simplest flower par excellence, the one that children start drawing first, is a perennial plant that loves bright and sunny places (maximum in partial shade) but sheltered from the wind. It does not tolerate cold temperatures. The plant of daisy, grown in pots on the balcony, should be placed in a sheltered and well-lit corner. A fertile, moist and well-drained soil should be used. Although it can withstand short periods of drought, it should be watered often especially from March to early autumn. In winter, watering must be suspended. In pot it should be watered only when the soil is completely dry as it suffers from root rot.
- Lavender. With its intense color and intoxicating scent it will make you imagine being catapulted into Provence!
- Hydrangea. It prefers a semi-shaded area but blooms all summer. L'hydrangea decorates the balcony with beautiful splashes of color, but has a peculiarity: the color of its flowers varies according to the composition of the soil. If the soil is acidic and rich in aluminum, its flowers will be blue, blue and purple, if the soil is calcareous and alkaline, with little aluminum, they will be pink and white.
- Sunflower. The flower of summer par excellence, the sunflower it also grows well in pots and does not need much care.
Delicate and colorful, they make spring just by looking at them!
Primroses are ideal both for embellishing balconies and window sills, but also for planting as perennials in the garden. They are great for making flower bed borders.
There are many species, but the most common and simple to grow are the hybrid species of primula vulgaris, the one with yellowish flowers and which grows spontaneously in the undergrowth.
They prefer cool places and, after flowering, need to be watered regularly.
We also point out other splendid red flowers:
- Wild Bignonia
- Aquatic lobelia
- Egyptian star
- Carnation Dianthus
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